Types of pulmonary lung diseases
There exists a whole list of pulmonary lung diseases affecting humans. They all vary in severity though it is common that they can pose jeopardy to the life of an individual. Lately, statistics have indicated a steady increase in the number of individuals that are affected by the various types of pulmonary lung diseases. As such, it is prudent to take precautionary measures that would help you to avoid the disease by all means necessary. Early diagnosis can be very handy as it may help to prevent the disease from developing into dangerous stages. Below are some of the types of pulmonary lung diseases common in today’s population
This is a condition characterized by the inflammation and sensitivity of the bronchial tubes. The airways through the bronchioles then become irritated by certain substances including;
- Chemical spray
- cigarette smoke
- or even air pollution.
Individuals suffering from asthma can also react to allergens including dust and pollen. Asthma can be dangerous as it causes difficulty in breathing. Besides, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing are some of the symptoms that have been reported in patients suffering from asthma.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
This an umbrella term for two lung conditions namely chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It affects the bronchial tubes thereby causing permanent inflammation which in turn leads to the overproduction of mucus. This will eventually lead to difficulty in breathing. As well, when the mucus is in excess, the patient tends to have a persistent cough and may also put make the patient vulnerable to attack by various infections. Emphysema attacks the air sac which means there will be less oxygen getting into the blood stream thus causing symptoms like wheezing, coughing as well as shortness of breath. The primary cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases is smoking cigarettes among other causes
Statistics reveal that lung cancer is the number one killer of all the cancers in the world. Lung cancer is commonly known to be of two types; small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Even though they are both dangerous and can easily cause death, small cell lung cancer tends to spread quicker than the non-small cell lung cancer. The main cause of both of the lung cancer types is smoking.
These are primarily blood clots that form in some parts of the body. They then travel from those parts of the body then get stuck in the lungs. This sticking then causes breathing problems as well as reducing the flow of oxygen to the circulatory system when the blood clots are big, it can be life threatening.
This is a rare lung condition in which the lung tissue scars and becomes stiff over time. What follows is that the lung is inhibited from its primary function of facilitation gaseous exchange. You can develop pulmonary fibrosis for a number of reasons including chemotherapy for breast cancer in women, some lung infections, as well as autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. When the cause of the clots is not determined then it is referred to as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Above are some of the examples of lung conditions and what causes them. It is imperative to note that lung conditions are dangerous and as such you should always seek medical attention when you notice some of the symptoms mentioned above. Besides, take all the precautionary measures you can to avert all the dangers.